Loving v. Virginia: The Background
The case of Loving v. Virginia deals with marriage laws. It begins with a woman named Mildred Loving, an African-American who married Richard Loving, a Caucasian male. The couple married in Washington D.C. in the year of 1958. Both Richard and Mildred were residents of the state of Virginia; however, Virginia did not allow couples of different races to marry. Because of this law, Richard Loving and Mildred decided to marry in neighboring Washington D.C. which did allow marriages between different races to take place.
When the couple returned from their marriage ceremony in Washington, D.C., the Lovings were promptly arrested because they violated Virginia law, which did not allow couples of different races to get married. This law, which was called the Anti-Miscegenation Statue, was passed in the state of Virginia in 1924 and formally made inter-marriage illegal. “Inter-marriage” according to this law referred to the marriage of people of different races. The Lovings were sentenced to a year in prison for violating this law. In response to their arrest, the Lovings appealed and claimed that the state law was wrong and that it violated the United States Constitution.
Loving v. Virginia: The Case Profile
The case of Loving v. Virginia took place on April 10th of 1967. The case resulted from the appeal of the original arrest. Richard Perry Loving and Lidred Jeter Loving filed an appeal against the state of Virginia because they felt the state’s law was a direct violation of the couple’s right to marry and their marital privacy. These Lovings claimed that the state law violated their 14th Amendment rights to pursuit life, liberty and happiness. The State of Virginia initially offered a reduced sentence so long as the couple left the state. The Lovings didn’t think this was an acceptable compromise so they took their case to the Supreme Court.
The case of Loving v. Virginia was decided on June 12th of 1967 and was heard in the United States Supreme Court.
Loving v. Virginia: The Verdict
In the Loving v. Virginia case, the United States Supreme Court over-turned the Virginia state law by claiming it was in direct violation of the 14th Amendment’s equal protection clause, which forces all governments to treat every citizen in an equal manner when passing laws. The government must only pass laws that are in line with the 14th Amendments provision that every citizen has the right to pursuit happiness. In Loving v. Virginia, the United States Supreme Court added that the law was not only a violation of the 14th Amendment, but also a violation of an American citizen’s individual freedoms.
The case of Lochner v. New York took place in 1905. This case is thought to be one of the most historic and groundbreaking cases in the history of the United States. Lochner v. New York deals with labor laws and it all started when Joseph Lochner, a baker in Utica, New York, argued against state laws that created boundaries on when Mr. Lochner can run his business.
The laws were passed as part of the Bakershop Act. This legislation, which was passed in 1895, prohibited all bakeries in the state from operating over 60 hours during a single week. In response to this law, Joseph Lochner said that if he and his staff wanted to work more than 60 hours in one week, they should be allowed to do so because that’s what the 14th Amendment to the United States Constitution permits. This Constitution states that any government in the United States cannot block an individual from pursuing happiness in a legitimate manner.
Lochner v. New York: The Case Profile
The case of Lochner v. New York took place on February 23rd of 1905. The case was filed by Joseph Lochner because he felt that New York law regarding hours of operation for bakeries were unconstitutional and a direct violation of his civil liberties of “Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness.”
The case of Lochner v. New York was heard on February 23rd of 1905 and was decided on April 17th of the same year. Lochner v. New York was heard in the United States Supreme Court.
Lochner v. New York: The Verdict
The United States Supreme Court in Lochner v. New York found that the Bakership Act was in direct violation of the United States Constitution. The Court found in Lochner v. New York that the state cannot enforce restrictions on an individual’s business if there was no good reason to pass such a law. Furthermore, the United States Supreme Court ruled that individual states were not able to regulate legal employment—only the federal government can do this.
The case of Lochner v. New York dealt with the 14th Amendment to the United States which does not allow the government from getting in the way of a citizen’s ability to pursue ‘Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness’ with regard to all citizens of the nation. This provision to the Constitution is applied to all citizens regardless of a person’s gender, religion, age, or race. And this is the provision that was responsible for deciding the case of Lochner v. New York.